What is Benign Fasciculation Syndrome?

Benign fasciculation syndrome is a persistent involuntary muscular twitching. Could it pose any risks or harm to your health? Find out here

Benign Fasciculation Syndrome on leg

Fasciculation is a term used in the medical world to refer to involuntary muscular twitching. Meaning, you cannot control when will your muscle twitch or move. You cannot consciously stop the twitching and the movement, but you can try to relieve the twitching by moving the particular muscle that is twitching. In this article, we will have a closer look at what benign fasciculation syndrome is, diagnosis and how it can be treated.

BFS (Benign Fasciculation Syndrome): An Overview

The most common physical manifestation of fasciculation is the involuntary twitching of the eyelid, and it can be triggered by many things. Certain sensations like eating spicy food or having a stressful coworker can trigger muscle twitching.  Fasciculation might be a sign of an underlying medical condition, but a handful of healthy people can have it too. However, even if fasciculation is quite normal for some people, you still have to let the doctors rule out some medical possibilities that you might have, In addition to that early detection of the underlying medical condition will truly help that condition to heal fasting than when it is detected late. So, if you have fasciculation, you might want to have it checked by a licensed doctor just to be sure that you do not have any medical conditions that might be linked to it. 

On a rare occasion, fasciculation can be a sign of a neuromuscular disorder. That is why, it is usually advised by doctors that if you experience fasciculation, you have to have it checked because it might be a symptom of grueling and hard to cure neuromuscular conditions like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS.

The BFS can be acquired rarely, and twitching usually happens in several areas of the body which includes the eyelid, feet, arms, thighs, tongue, thumb, and calves.

A BFS happens to healthy people of all ages and is normally not harmful. The BFS usually does not have any underlying medical condition, but the symptoms of it can be quite distressing sometimes and bothersome. For people with this syndrome, it can induce muscle cramps during strenuous activities like exercising too much or doing a marathon.

What Are The Symptoms Of BFS?

The BFS symptoms happen in times when the muscles are relaxed and resting. When the body part moves, the symptoms of BFSusually fades. The symptoms of benign fasciculation syndrome include numbness, cramps, twitching, and so on and so forth.

The bfs symptoms might happen in any part of the body but it most prevalent in the thigh, calves, and in the eyelid. The symptoms of benign fasciculation syndrome might happen every once in a while, but in some cases, it might happen almost every time.

It is quite worrisome to have BFS because it might be linked to ALS, but this is quite rare. People with benign fasciculation syndrome usually have the syndrome out of nowhere and without any underlying medical condition. In ALS, the BFS symptoms are only a part of many symptoms associated with ALS. If you have benign fasciculation syndrome with ALS, you might have the symptoms of benign fasciculation syndrome, severe weakness of the muscles, gripping troubles, difficulty in doing many basic things like eating or walking.

The Cause

No explanation can be offered in all honesty as to why benign fasciculation syndrome happened. The medical world can only offer theories and studies as to why benign fasciculation syndrome happens. Studies about the cause of BFS is said to be associated with a stressful environment, an injury, emotional instability, strenuous activities, overwork, lack of sleep, alcoholism, too much caffeine, smoking, infection, constant pain in the head, acid reflux, changing eating patterns, over the counter medicines (Benadryl, drugs for asthma, corticosteroids, Pamelor, and more.

The Diagnosis

Although benign fasciculation syndrome normally is not a symptom of anything, it can still be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Other than a symptom of neuromuscular disorders, bfs can also be a symptom of sleep apnea or an overactive thyroid and many more.

Do not take benign fasciculation syndrome lightly because it can possibly be a manifestation of something else. That is why doctors recommend having you checked if you notice the symptoms of benign fasciculation syndrome.

Doctors usually cause electromyography or EMG, to test the reaction of your muscles on the several electrical impulses that the machine will give you. The doctor administering the test will record the patterns of the EMG results.

To rule out all the possible conditions that might be sprung up for people with bfs, the doctor will have to need to administer several tests which include, blood tests, nerve tests, the strength of the muscles, health history, and many more.

The benign fasciculation syndrome is diagnosed to a patient when the twitching and several other symptoms are not manifestations of any underlying medical condition. You are diagnosed with benign fasciculation syndrome with an innocent type and do not pose any risks or harm in your health.

How Is BFS Treated?

There is no treatment for this syndrome. They usually go away on their own. However, there are some medications that can reduce the symptoms of benign fasciculation syndrome. If your benign fasciculation syndrome does not bother you alone, you can skip these pills as long as you have talked to your doctor about this decision.

Doctors sometimes prescribed anti-depression and anti-anxiety medications to the patient, and sometimes therapy can be effective too.

Cramps, which are associated with the bfs might be lessened if you do several exercises daily that would stimulate and soften the muscles. If the cramps have no signs of going away and the cramp is quite severe, you have to admit yourself in the emergency room right away and have it checked by a doctor.

If the twitching of the muscles is quite extensive that it already disrupts your everyday life, you might want to have your doctor give you out several options of the kind of treatment you would want your body to be immersed in too.

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