The use of medical marijuana sparks countless debates on its safety and legality. However, this has not stopped individuals from using it. One such compound derived from marijuana is cannabidiol which is also known as CBD. It is then paired with a carrier oil and used in pain and anxiety treatment. Here is all there is to learn about CBD oil, its benefits, and the health risks involved when taking it.
What is CBD Oil?
As mentioned, CBD oil is derived from a cannabis plant. The CBD is diluted with hemp seed or coconut oil. CBD is one out of 104 compounds called cannabinoids which are present in the marijuana plant. Oil made with extracts of CBD offers relief from pain but without the “high” effect of marijuana.
Based on recent studies done, here are just a few benefits of this compound.
Treats Seizures Associated with Epilepsy
According to studies done, oil made with the extracts of CBD is effective in treating epilepsy, mainly two severe and rare forms. Epidiolex is a drug that contains pure forms of CBD oil. It was approved for use by the Food and Drug Administration in treating seizures linked to Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
Treats Anxiety Disorders
According to the Journal of Neurotherapeutics, CBD is promising in treating anxiety disorders. While the research is still limited, some disorders that can be treated with the compound include the following:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Panic Disorder
- Social Anxiety Disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Reduces Addiction to Tobacco and Cannabis
In a review by Substance Abuse published in 2015, it claims that CBD oil is effective in reducing the addiction to tobacco and cannabis. Furthermore, it has a therapeutic effect on individuals with cocaine, psychostimulant, or opioid addiction. Nonetheless, more research is needed to prove this claim.
Prevents Stress-Linked Blood Pressure Changes
Researchers of the study published in JCI Insight state that CBD aids in preventing stress-related deviations in an individual’s blood pressure. In the study, nine male volunteers were given a single shot of a placebo or CBD. Despite being put through a stressful test, the men who were given CBD showed a record of lower blood pressure levels than those given a placebo.
The use of CBD oil does not come without repercussions. According to studies, the use of CBD may cause the following adverse reactions.
- Appetite Changes
- Dizziness or Drowsiness
- Dry Mouth
- Mood Changes
- Nausea and Vomiting
It may also lead to an increased level of enzymes in the liver, which may lead to inflammation or liver damage.
Before trying this compound, it is always advisable to consult with your doctor. Some oils may still contain traces of THC higher than 0.3 percent which may impair your ability to work on heavy equipment or drive safely. Long-term use may also affect one’s mental health, heart rate, mood, attention, and memory. Once a physician approves the use of the oil, it is highly advised to stick to a low dose and work towards a higher dose until the desired effects are achieved.
The use of marijuana is legal in only nine states. As for CBD oil, it is a different story. In terms of federal law, it is still illegal. An individual has to check laws within the state for the legality of the compound. Three states currently state that the use of oil is illegal. These are South Dakota, Nebraska, and Idaho.
On the other hand, 14 states allow the use of medical CBD. However, the requirements for its use vary per state according to the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws.
Access to CBD is only through a clinical trial that is state-sponsored. CBD may also be given if the person is proven to have a debilitating health condition that needs the compound for treatment, which is called Leni’s Law.
Oil made with CBD is prescribed to individuals with more than 12 medical conditions such as seizure disorders, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and cancer. There is, however, a legal limit. Each patient is only given 20 ounces of the oil which has a THC of nothing more than 5 percent.
Before 2018, the law in the state allowed only individuals on the patient registry access to CBD. It was then turned over with a new law which makes it legal to use, possess, sell, and manufacture oil made with CBD. This is provided that the THC content is not higher than 0.3 percent.
Such as with Georgia, the state of Iowa allows limited access to CBD for individuals suffering from multiple medical problems such as seizures, ALS, cancer, and AIDS.
CBD products that contain THC less than 0 percent are allowed to be possessed and purchased.
Cultivation of hemp is state-sponsored and is used for the production of oil made with CBD.
CBD products must be less than 0.5 percent in THC content and are not higher than 15 percent CBD. Moreover, it is only legal for patients diagnosed with severe forms of epilepsy. A licensed doctor also does the administration.
CBD products should be made from hemp extracts and are legal for individuals diagnosed with intractable epilepsy.
It is legal only for individuals with severe forms of epilepsy such as Dravet syndrome.
CBD is legal only if made from the extracts of hemp. Moreover, it is only prescribed for individuals who have intractable epilepsy.
Products deemed legal should have CBD more than 10 percent and a THC content of less than 0.5 percent. It is also legal only for patients with intractable epilepsy.
The use of the oil made with CBD is legal for use as long as a licensed doctor or healthcare practitioner have diagnosed it.
CBD oil is legal as a treatment to medical conditions, given the recommendation of a licensed doctor.
The laws for this state are stringent. CBD oil is legal for use to individuals who fail to respond to other medical treatments. Moreover, the neurologist needs to give a detailed explanation to Wyoming’s Department of Health about the need for the compound for the patient’s treatment.