Acne and pimples are already a troubling appearance on the face, but nothing beats the annoying bumps on the skin called blackheads. Manual extraction and microdermabrasion are just a few ways of removing stubborn blackheads. However, there are minor methods for eliminating blackheads such as a DIY blackhead remover. Here are a few ways to make these blackhead removing strips.
What Are Blackheads?
Blackheads are a mild form of acne that is caused by the accumulation of dead cells and excess oil on the skin’s surface. Unlike whiteheads that are covered by the skin, a blackhead is exposed to the air, and this exposure leads to the black discoloration. These usually appear on the face, but these can also appear on the chest, neck, back, shoulders, and arms.
Aside from the accumulation of oil and dead cells on the skin, other factors contribute to the development of blackheads. These include the following.
- The Buildup of Bacteria on Skin
- Irritated Hair Follicles
- Hormonal Changes
- Certain Medications (Androgens, Lithium, Corticosteroids)
Some individuals claim that the food one eats and drinks also affects the occurrence of acne. Carbohydrates and dairy products are said to trigger acne. However, research has yet to prove the connection between food and acne.
1. Over-the-Counter Medications
Numerous medications can be bought at a pharmacy or even online. These medications no longer need a prescription and are readily available in gel and cream form. Such products contain resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, or salicylic acid which work by destroying bacteria, forcing the skin to shed dead cells, and drying excess oil.
2. Prescription Treatments
Unless over-the-counter medications fail to work, it is time to visit a dermatologist for prescription treatments. These medications include adapalene, tazarotene, or tretinoin that inhibit the formation of plugs in the hair follicles. It also promotes the rapid turnover of cells in the skin.
As mentioned above, a method of removing blackheads and acne, in general, is microdermabrasion. During the process, the trained healthcare professional utilizes a piece of equipment that features a rough surface. It is then used to sand the skin’s top layers which remove the clogs that lead to blackhead formation.
4. Manual Extraction
Trained skincare professionals or dermatologists use an instrument known as a round loop extractor. This tool removes the plugs that lead to blackheads.
5. Light and Laser Therapy
Another method is the use of light or laser therapies. These methods make use of intense light that kills bacteria-causing acne or decreases the oil produced by the skin.
6. Chemical Peels
A chemical peel aids by removing the dead cells that cause blackheads. There are mild peels available over-the-counter whereas strong peels are done by skincare professionals.
In addition to the treatment methods mentioned above, supplemental remedies that may help fight the development of blackheads include the following.
- Use scrubs that gently exfoliate the face. Make sure to use the product that works for your skin type (sensitive, dry, oily)
- When using cosmetics or makeup, use products that are non-comedogenic.
- Stress triggers an overproduction of oil that may contribute to acne and blackheads. So, avoid stressful activities and make sure to get appropriate amounts of rest.
- Consume a healthy and balanced diet that also contains vegetables and fruit. Not only does a healthy diet help one get good skin, but it also contributes to a healthy body.
How to Make DIY Blackhead Remover
Though chemical peels are available at the pharmacy or grocery, it is quite easy to make one at home. Plus, these peels are free from harmful chemicals that may aggravate the skin further.
1. Egg Strip
Get an egg and split the yolk from the whites. Whip the white of the egg until it turns frothy. Afterward, apply a thin layer of the foam on the nose. Before it dries up, place a strip of tissue on it and put a second layer of the frothy egg white. Add another layer of tissue. Leave it on for 40 minutes or until it dries and hardens. Once it is thoroughly dry, you can peel it off.
2. Sugar Strip
For this peel, you need two tablespoons of honey, one lemon, and three tablespoons of sugar. Mix the sugar and syrup before adding the lemon juice. Heat the mixture until it turns thick. Cool it afterward and add three drops of glycerin. Stir the mixture thoroughly. Once it has cooled, place the solution on the nose and leave it on for 20 minutes. Peel it off once it has hardened.
3. Milk Strip
Another peel that makes use of ingredients found in the refrigerator is the milk strip. For this peel, you need one tablespoon of gelatin (unflavored) and one tablespoon of warm milk. Mix the two before heating it in the microwave for three minutes. The result should be a paste. While warm, place it on the nose and leave it on for 30 minutes. Once it hardens, peel it gently from the nose.
4. Honey and Lemon Mask
If strips might be too painful for you, then try face masks. For this mask, you will need two teaspoons of baking soda, half a tablespoon of honey, and two teaspoons of lemon juice. Mix all three together and apply it all over the face. Allow the mixture to sit on the face for five minutes. Afterward, wash it off using warm water. Baking soda helps exfoliate and cleanse clogged pores, while the lemon lightens and purifies the skin. On the other hand, honey moisturizes and soothes the skin.
5. Charcoal Mask
For this mask, mix equal parts of activated charcoal, raw honey, and bentonite clay. Mix it thoroughly before applying it onto the face. You may leave the charcoal mask on the face for at least 10 minutes before rinsing it off with warm water. While this works for normal skin, it is not recommended for individuals with sensitive or dry skin.
6. Salt and Lemon Scrub
Apart from masks and peels, scrubs can also help remove and prevent blackheads. For this scrub, mix one-half teaspoon of lemon juice, one teaspoon of water, and one tablespoon of sea salt. Apply and massage the mixture to the skin for at least 5 to 8 minutes. Afterward, wash the face with warm water.