Dry eye syndrome is an eye condition wherein the eyes don’t produce sufficient tears to lubricate and protect the frontal regions of the eyes. As we age, the production of tear progressively diminishes as well. Aside from age-related causes, other factors may also result in a decrease in tear production. However, there are ways on how to cure dry eyes.
Tears are made up of various types of molecules, it includes the following:
- Vitamins and minerals
- Antibiotics (lysozymes)
Dry eyes may be a part of an existing medical condition or side effects of medications. Environmental conditions like hot or windy weather or staring at electronic devices for too long may also affect the production of tears.
In the United States alone, it’s estimated that about 16 million individuals have dry eye syndrome. Cases of dry eye syndrome have increased in the last few decades, and health experts predicted that it will continue to rise as technology rises. As mentioned, one of the causes of dry eyes is the prolonged usage of smart devices. The LCDs of smart devices emit blue lights, which becomes harmful to the eyes when exposed for long periods. It may not only cause dry eyes but also lead to other eye problems like eyestrain and retina damage.
Understanding Lubricating Eye Drops
Lubricating eye drops or popularly known as artificial tears. These are made specially to hydrate the eyes and soothe discomfort caused by dry eye syndrome. The term artificial tear was often used because it provides the same moisturizing effects of tears. This eye drop functions by working hand and hand with your natural tears. It improves your tear film, which boosts the eyes’ surface defense against harmful elements.
For severe cases of dry eyes, an eye lubricating gel or ointment may be prescribed by your ophthalmologists.
You can obtain lubricating eye drops with or without a prescription. In general, lubricating eye drops are considered safe. However, it may be advisable to talk to your local ophthalmologists first before you use any of these products. The reason for this is that not all artificial tear products are the same and may cause an allergic reaction to some.
How To Cure Dry Eyes
Nowadays, there are lots of ways on how to cure dry eyes including eye drops or artificial tears. but please note that its suitability may also depend on each individual. However, in choosing which brands to use, select those that don’t contain preservatives. This is because chemicals in them might promote bacteria growth when you unintentionally opened the bottle for long periods.
Below are some of the well-known eye treatments in the market:
Lacrisert is an eye treatment used when regular eye drops aren’t successful in treating eye discomforts. It’s usually placed under the eyelids. Aside from dry eyes, it’s also used for the treatment of other eye disorders such as impaired corneal activity and keratitis.
This treatment works by adding moisture to the eyes and ease symptoms of dryness, burning sensation, and itchiness. It also improves defense against infections.
Possible side effects may occur such as redness, teary eyes, irritation and eye discomfort, and sensitivity to light. If any of these side effects occur, contact your ophthalmologist or pharmacist immediately.
This eye treatment is a prescription medicine used to remedy more serious conditions of dry eyes that are caused by inflammations. The generic name for Restasis is cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion.
Possible side effects may develop; it includes teary eyes, redness, burning sensation, discomfort, itching, blurred eyesight, and stinging sensation. It’s not known to cause serious side effects, but it’s advisable to inform your ophthalmologist if side effects occur.
It’s highly recommended not to pair this product with other medications or eye drops. Also, do not use this medication if you’re wearing contact lenses.
The eye discomfort caused by dry eyes is due to an inflammation that induces a stinging and burning sensation and eye redness. Xiidra treats dry eyes by neutralizing the inflammation and preventing its re-occurrence. In one particular study, it was found that these symptoms dissipate in a matter of two weeks upon regular usage of Xiidra.
Xiidra is free of preservatives and the suggested dosage is one drop per eye and used twice a day.
Steroid eye drops
Steroid eye drops are primarily used for inflammations caused by dry eyes. However, this medication is advised to be used only in the short-term because the chance of side effects is high. They’re also usually used in combination with other eye drops such as Xiidra or Restasis.
It’s a device also known as a Thermal Pulsation System. This device, however, is only prescribed for patients with severe cases of dry eyes. It’s specifically designed to remove the blockage in the Meibomian glands. This organ produces lipids that enhance tear film which protects the frontal section of the eye.
LipiFlow treatment works by warm application in the eyelid where the blockage is located. The outer section of the eyelids is then gently massaged to release the blockage.
It’s a medical device used to remove the blockage and improve tear films’ moisture level. Punctal plugs are a tiny device that’s even smaller than grain and works by inserting it to the tear ducts.
Punctal plugs are usually prescribed if lubricating eye drops no longer reacts or improve the condition.
How To Cure Dry Eyes: Home Remedies
If the symptoms are just starting to show up or mild, you may try a few remedies at home before using lubricating eye drops.
- Refrain prolonged usage of computers and take a break once in a while. One good piece of advice is to look away from the screen every 20 minutes and take breaks every one hour.
- Try blinking more often.
- Consider wearing anti-radiation glasses when in front of your smart devices.
- Remove your make-up thoroughly before going to bed to avoid complications.
- Practice good personal hygiene which includes washing your face regularly especially before bedtime.
- You may also try applying a warm compress to your eyes. This won’t only relax your eyes but may also remove the blockage in the Meibomian gland. Health experts suggest that the warm compress should last for 10 minutes and twice daily.