The number of infections that we have in this world would blow your mind away. If you think you know a lot, a Google search would prove that you are not even close to knowing half of it. That’s because an infection can come up at any part of the body. And usually, the severity of the infection is affected by the location.
A bladder infection can be dangerous depending on if it is detected early and treated immediately. Generally, any kind of infection needs to be detected early and taken care of. If you are interested in ways to treat a bladder infection, then you should keep on reading this.
Bladder infection is one of the most common types of urinary tract infections. This infection occurs in any part of the urinary tract which can be the kidneys, bladder, ureters, or urethra. Bladder infection is usually caused by a bacterial infection inside the bladder. For some people who have low immune systems. Yeast can be the cause of their bladder infection.
Most times bladder infection happens abruptly without any major symptoms. But there are still some cases that are chronic, which means they occur over a long period. In general, acute cases of bladder infection are much more than chronic cases. In preventing the spread of the infection, early detection and treatment are the keys.
Bladder infection is more common in women than in men because in women the urethra is shorter which makes it more prone to bacteria and also the outside opening of women is too close to the anus which enables bacteria to move easily from the one part of the body to the other.
The symptoms you have when you have a bladder infection will be determined by the severity of the infection. One easier way to suspect bladder infection is some changes in your urination. The following are some of the symptoms of bladder infection;
- Frequent urination
- Pain while urinating
- Cramps in the lower back
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Cloudy urine
If bladder infection gets to spread, it can cause pain in the mid-back. And this pain can be linked to a kidney infection. The mid-back pain tends to be constant regardless of your position. Kidney infections come with fever and vomiting.
The following are the risk factors for getting bladder infection:
- Advanced age
- Urinary catheter
- Urinary obstruction
- Enlarged prostate
- Bowel incontinence
- Weak immune system
- Multiple sclerosis
- Narrowed urethra
- Sexual activity
How To Treat Bladder Infection
The combination of home treatment and medical treatment can reduce the symptoms. If a bladder infection is left untreated it can be life-threatening, because the bacteria can spread to the kidneys and the blood.
Here are 7 effective ways to treat bladder infection;
- Drink more water: Water helps to flush the infection located in the bladder. This helps to eliminate the infection faster. Also, water helps dilute your urine which makes urination less painful. Your urine is made up of waste products from your body. Concentrated urine tends to be irritating and too painful to pass. Reduce caffeinated drinks, including soda, coffee. Caffeine tends to irritate your bladder more even without you having a bladder infection.
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics are used for killing bacteria that cause bacterial infection. If you ever have a bacterial infection you might want to see your doctor get a prescription for antibiotics, but before the treatment, some tests need to be done to be sure it is a bacterial infection. The duration of the treatment may vary depending on the kind of antibiotic prescribed by your doctor.
- Cranberry juice: Cranberry juice is known to be used as a natural treatment for bladder infection. But it is not yet proven that cranberry juice works properly in preventing bladder infection in the larger population.
- Appropriate dress: Some kinds of dress make bacteria grow. Bacteria dwell in warm and moist places. Tight clothes or silk clothing are not that good for ladies because it aids bacteria growth. Cotton clothing and panties are much better.
- Heating pads: Applying low heat upon your abdomen might help ease the ache that comes with bladder infections. This can be more effective when you use medication alongside it.
- Pain Relievers: Chronic bladder infections might cause some kind of pain in the pelvic region. Antibiotics might help get rid of the infection but a pain reliever is needed for the pain. Consult your doctor before you take over-the-counter pain medication. Taking medications like ibuprofen, acetaminophen can help in the reduction of pain while waiting for the antibiotic to treat the infection.
- Frequent Urination: Frequent urination helps a lot in eliminating the infection, that is why it is important to drink a lot of water so that it can help infrequent urination. Trying not to urinate frequently makes the bacteria spread and multiply in the bladder. Urination after sexual intercourse also helps in flushing any kind of bacteria in the urinary tract. Try as much as possible to go to the bathroom as you can.
Preventing Future Bladder Infections
Some lifestyle changes can help minimize the occurrence of bladder infections. It is better that you prevent bladder infections than curing them. The following are the lifestyle changes that can be made to prevent bladder infections:
- Drink as much as 8 glasses of water daily.
- Urinate as soon as you feel the urge to do so
- Use cotton underwear
- Try as much as possible to not wear tight fitted clothes
- Urinate after sexual activity
- Wear one underwear a day
- Consult your doctor to know what works for you.
- For women, while urinating, wipe from front to back not back to front
- Women should not use douches.
- Avoid using vaginal sprays.
- Instead of a bathtub, use the shower.
- Drink cranberry juice
If a bladder infection is not treated, it can lead to some complications even though bladder infection does not lead to complications.
Complications of a bladder infection may include; recurrent infection especially in women, permanent damage of the kidney, sepsis which is a life-threatening complication of bladder infection, and narrowing of the urethral. For pregnant women who have a bacterial infection, they are likely to deliver prematurely or the infant might be small for gestational age.