All About Anemia: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

If a person is suffering from anemia our body will not produce enough red blood cells and can cause less oxygen that will make us feel fatigued.

Person with anemia pale palm

Sometimes we feel tired and restless, and we just ignore it. We think it is just normal tiredness because of our work. We do this, not knowing that it might be caused by anemia. Learn about the different types of anemia, symptoms, and treatment, in this article

If a person is suffering from anemia our body will not produce enough red blood cells and can cause less oxygen. This will make us feel fatigued. Even worse, it could cause serious health complications.

Anemia is also known as iron-poor blood, it will develop when our blood lacks healthy hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the main component of our red blood cells that bind oxygen and transport from our lungs to our other body tissues and muscles.

It is a common blood condition. An infant can develop anemia during birth. Older adults may have a greater risk of developing the condition due to other medical conditions and poor diet.

It can be measured according to the amount of hemoglobin present in your blood. It can be permanent or long-term, depending on a person’s response to the condition. Anemia can be severe or mild. Usually, anemia is considered severe if it has an underlying serious health issue.

Long-term anemia can cause brain damage, heart failure and can damage internal organs, while short-term anemia does not cause serious complications to other body parts. Though some type of anemia can cause death there is also a type of anemia considered minor anemia.

If left untreated anemia can be life-threatening due to health complications. Anemia can weaken our immune system, and it affects almost 1.62 billion people globally.

Different Types of Anemia

Anemia has different types, and treatments are also different from each other. It can be severe, and it can be minor. Knowing the type of anemia is a very big help to the patient suffering from this, especially during treatment.

1. Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia. It usually happens when hemoglobin decrease in our red blood cells, usually as a result of insufficient iron intake. It can also happen when our body is not absorbing iron well from food and vitamins.

2. Thalassemia

This type of anemia is genetic; it runs in the blood. It usually produces an abnormal form of hemoglobin results in the destruction of red blood cells called hemolysis. There are two types of Thalassemia, Alpha and Beta Thalassemia. Beta Thalassemia is a type of Thalassemia that includes developing minor and major hemoglobin disease while Beta Thalassemia includes minor, intermedia, and major Thalassemia. Beta thalassemia major, also called Cooley’s anemia, is a severe type of thalassemia that can result in severe anemia.

3. Aplastic Anemia

When the bone marrow fails it causes a deficiency of blood cells (red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelet). Bone marrow failure may cause different factors like radiation from chemotherapy, viral infections, and exposure to toxic chemicals. Aplastic anemia can diagnose by bone marrow biopsy and treatments include blood transfusion, bone marrow transplant, and medicines that suppress the immune system.

4. Hemolytic Anemia

Hemolytic anemia is a type of anemia that the red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream, this type of anemia is inherited meaning if your parents have this condition most likely you will develop his time of anemia, but it can because of some infections, side effects of medication, leukemia and autoimmune disorders.

Treatment includes blood transfusion, medicine, bone marrow transplant, and surgery.

5. Sickle Cell Anemia

This type of anemia is an inherited disorder of the red blood cells, a person who has this anemia inherited two S hemoglobin from his parents and this condition called hemoglobin SS that usually leads to sickle cell anemia.

Treatment includes bone marrow transplant, Penicillin, and vaccines.

6. Pernicious Anemia

When our intestine cannot properly absorb vitamin B12, it can cause a decrease in red blood cells because vitamin B12 is important to make red blood cells. Pernicious anemia can be treated by monthly injections and oral supplements of vitamin B12.

7. Fanconi Anemia

This type of anemia is rear but this type of anemia is dangerous because it can damage the bone marrow. The most effective treatment for this type of anemia is blood transfusion.


Symptoms of anemia are different from each type of anemia, underlying health problems, and severity of the case, but they also share the same symptoms and this is the following.

  • Loss of energy and feeling tired (fatigue)
  • Rapid heartbeat especially during workouts
  • The difficulty of concentrating on doing the task
  • Dizziness
  • Unable to sleep (Insomnia)
  • Leg cramps
  • Shortness of breath especially during exercise
  • Pale skin


To entirely understand anemia, it is important to know the real cause of having this blood disorder, some of the causes of anemia are the following;

  • Genetics or inheritance
  • Blood loss
  • Intestine unable to absorb vitamin B12
  • Destruction of red blood cells
  • Infections
  • Poor diet and other medical problem may cause anemia
  • Menstruation
  • Pregnancy

Facts About Anemia:

Treatments of Anemia

Anemia treatment depends on what type of anemia patients have, but it’s really important to talk to your doctor for proper medication for anemia. The usual treatment of anemia is blood transfusion, maintaining iron supplement, bone marrow transplant, medicine, and high in iron diet.

You can prevent anemia by eating healthy food especially rich iron or take multivitamins. Talk to your doctor for supplements if you are prone to having anemia.

Severe anemia can cause death if untreated, it is very important to see your doctor if you feel something different from the body, eating healthy food especially food rich in iron can help a person to avoid anemia.

What Causes Anemia

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