What is Anxiety: Types, Symptoms, Treatments

Anxiety is the uneasy feeling that your body gets as a response to stress. A person suffering from anxiety is most likely to experience nervousness even if there are no present signs of threat or danger.

What is anxiety?

We’ve all had our dark moments. At some point in our life, we were able to experience a lack of coordination and focus, loss of interest, and even never-ending thoughts.

During those bad days, we need to put extra effort to push ourselves to fight against anxiety. This is why a good support system is really needed if one is trying to cope up with anxiety.

But what is anxiety to begin with?

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is the uneasy feeling that your body gets as a response to stress. A person suffering from anxiety is most likely to experience nervousness even if there are no present signs of threat or danger.

Globally speaking, a lot of people are silently suffering from anxiety. According to the World Health Organization, almost 3.6 percent of the world population is suffering from anxiety. What’s sad about it is that some people don’t even know they have severe symptoms of what’s said to be an anxiety disorder.

There’s a thin distinction between anxiety and anxiety disorder. Getting anxious is somehow helpful to some despite the uneasy feeling because it makes them more alert with what’s happening around them. However, recurring and uncontrollable symptoms of anxiety could mean that a mental disorder could be present.

Types of Anxiety

There are different types of anxiety disorders. But we have provided below the top 5 major anxiety disorders that are said to be common to the majority.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

This common type of disorder gives an individual the feeling of wanting to worry every day. At times, it could even make a person feel alone. This kind of disorder gives a person a hard time trying to do his/her daily tasks. Most of the time, people suffering from generalized anxiety disorder tend to feel like they are slowly losing interest on the things that they used to love.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or popularly known as OCD is somehow similar to Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Although OCD is not really categorized under Anxiety disorder, experts believe that OCD has characteristics that are similar to an anxiety disorder. For people dealing with OCD, they are most likely think of irrational ways just to give them a feeling of relief or assurance that their OCD feeling will go away.

Panic Disorder

Almost everyone has experienced panic at one point in our lifetime. However, panic is not the same as panic attacks due to anxiety. Panic disorder usually comes with palpitations, shaking of hands, and could sometimes be accompanied with cold sweat and chest pain. Usually, panic attacks may last from 10 to 30 minutes.

Social Anxiety Disorder

There are times where we would want to isolate ourselves and not deal with people during huge social events because we have this fear they wouldn’t like us or whatnot. But with social anxiety disorder, the fear is not that shallow. People with social anxiety disorder usually experience the social fear even if the event has already passed. They would still experience nervousness and fear which last up to 6 months.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD usually take place when an individual experienced a traumatic event. It is also possible for PTSD to take account if there have been threats that resulted to fear on a person. Usually, PTSD could be triggered by violent assaults, human-related disasters, and accidents.

Symptoms of Anxiety

Even though anxiety disorder has been diagnosed as a mental disorder, it also has something to do with the physical attributes of a person. This is because anxiety disorder has a biological chain reaction that affects the individual not just mentally but also physically. Common symptoms of anxiety disorder consist of chest pain, difficulty in breathing, increased heart rate, sweaty and shaking hands.

Anxiety disorder may also include psychological symptoms such as difficulty in concentration, restlessness, irritability, feeling tense, nervousness, and development of obsessive thoughts.

How Do You Deal with Anxiety?

Up to this very day, the stigma about mental health conditions such as anxiety disorder is still strong. That is why limited people only talk about it and only a few are seeking help.

Anxiety disorder could be treated through medications and therapy. It may seem awkward to talk to your medical expert about the things that are going inside your head but opening up to someone most especially to ane expert will surely help.

There are various kinds of therapies such as talk therapy, music therapy, and even breathing exercises that could be done to help combat symptoms of anxiety. Depending on your doctor, such exercises will surely help.

Aside from the therapies, there are also prescribed drugs that will help ease anxiety disorder. Medications such as antidepressants, serotonin, and other drugs that could affect neurotransmitters in the brain will be needed.

The Conclusion

Talking to someone about what’s going inside your head is necessary. Most especially if we are talking about mental health conditions such anxiety are issues that shouldn’t be discussed behind closed doors.

I understand that not everyone is open about such conditions and not all will understand. However, keep in mind, that if you think you need help, go get it. Remember—just because we don’t see it, doesn’t mean it’s never there.

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